How do you design a garden?

How to design a gardenThink about what you want. Choose a place for your garden. Determine the size and shape of your border. Look for plants that fit your growing conditions.

From the list of suitable plants, make selections according to the basic principles of flower garden design. Hyland adds: “It's important to consider the routes before planting flowers or trees so that you can easily move around your garden. Trails can be made of brick, stone or concrete and must be at least 18 inches wide so you can walk comfortably along them. Some garden designers will recommend spending 5 to 15 percent of the value of the house in the garden, which, in turn, will add a similar, if not greater, amount to the value of your home as mentioned.

With that in mind, always have a contingency fund. Ideally between 5 and 15 percent of the total budget, but the higher the better, especially if you're tackling the project yourself. While you will save yourself in some areas, you will inevitably make mistakes in others. For most gardening projects in the UK, you don't need to apply for planning permission, but in some cases you do.

Extending boundary heights, spacious terraces, terrace platforms over 30 cm and new pavements in the front garden are common examples of what you'll need to get permission. Similarly, if you live in a conservation area, the rules can vary wildly, so always check with your local authority. It is helpful that new plants and trees are not covered by planning permission, although existing trees may have a Tree Preservation Order to protect them. Contact your local authorities for more information.

We reviewed the Canon PIXMA TR150, a small but durable portable printer. Start by placing the largest plants first. Trees and shrubs form the backbone of your design. Everything else will be designed around them.

I have always thought that the best gardens are those that make people happy and comfortable. Sure, the big gardens look good, but they have to feel good too. The gardens I admire the most are relaxing, easy to navigate and not too difficult to maintain. Paths and structures must be easy to navigate, while selected plants should provide interest and fulfill a role without being bullies or prima donnas.

As a landscape architect, I address these issues of comfort and utility every day. Here are 15 practical tips that have helped me create pleasant and livable gardens for me and my clients. Make sure your paths are wide enough for a comfortable passage. Nobody likes to get into tight spaces, indoors or out.

Main roads must be wide enough for at least two people to walk side by side, no less than 5 feet. For secondary roads where people walk in a single row, the width must be at least 3 feet. Keep in mind that the higher the plantations or structures that flank the walkway, the wider the path should be. High limits make any space feel more restricted.

Outside steps and stairs should ascend smoothly, otherwise they may seem daunting. Steps with an elevation of 6 inches or less are the most comfortable. The travel (or depth) of each step plus twice the elevation (or height) must be 26 inches. Therefore, steps with a 6-inch elevation would require a 14-inch stroke.

If your garden stairs include more than 10 steps, consider landing after every fourth or fifth step to facilitate progress. The landings must be at least as deep as the wide stairs. A generous landing is an absolute must wherever a ladder changes direction. The patios and terraces are perfect spaces for outdoor entertaining.

Plan enough space for eating and networking. Consider how many guests you're likely to host regularly, and then plan to have at least 4 square feet of space per person. Outdoor dining means outdoor furniture, so try to leave a 3-foot wide perimeter of open space around any furniture group to allow for comfortable circulation. Make sure any pavement provides a secure base.

Avoid slippery surfaces or loose pavers that wobble. Paving materials, such as polished granite or smooth outdoor tiles, may not offer enough traction in rainy and winter weather. Gravel walkways are fine, just use unsifted gravel. Unsifted gravel contains aggregates of various sizes, which are tightly compacted and provide a solid base.

The sieved gravel is made up of aggregates of similar size, which do not compact well and remain loose underfoot. Leave enough headroom under arches, gazebos and pergolas. I consider 7 feet to be the minimum, and I usually add at least another 18 inches if I know there will be plants growing over the structure. This may sound loud, but outdoor structures tend to look smaller than they would be if they were indoors.

In addition, prevention is better than cure and avoid bumping heads with a climbing rose or wisteria. The posts for arches and pergolas should be placed at least a few centimeters outside the tracks that pass through them to allow adequate space for the elbows. Give your plants room to grow. If you must have a dense and full landscape right away, plant with the intention of relocating or removing some plants as they mature.

You can also plant fast-growing, short-lived “infill” plants to temporarily increase your plantings. Some of my favorite fillers are delphiniums (Delphinium spp. And CVs. Just keep track of which are prolific self-sowers, such as verbena alta, to prevent fillers from taking over.

Place any plant more than 30 to 36 inches tall at least 2 or 3 feet back from the edges of the sidewalk and patio; otherwise, these spaces may feel too tight and crowded. While you're doing it, try to keep prickly plants like roses (Rosa spp. If you want to plant a rose in an arch or a pergola over a walkway, consider antique thornless and fragrant garden roses, such as 'Reine des Violettes' (Zones 5—, 'Mme. Germain” (Zones 3— or “Zéphirine Drouhin” (Zones 5—.

While flowers are a very attractive attribute, many plants offer more than just flowers. Look beyond the flowers and use foliage, fruit and bark for color, shape and texture all year round. Spring and summer may be the time for flowers, but autumn belongs to the rotating leaves of oak-leaf hydrangeas (Hydrangea quercifolia and cvs. Similarly, winter raises the curtain on the stems of red twig dogwoods (Cornus stolonifera and cvs.

By choosing plants with multiple ornamental assets, you will expand the seasonal appeal of your garden. If you're setting up or digging up your garden (or just need something to add to your to-do list), consider running electrical lines and irrigation pipes 18 inches below ground along paths and near the edges of the bed, even if you don't have current lighting or watering plans. In a few years, you'll be glad you did. Wiring and plumbing are easy to install later if the pipe is already there, and you will not have to interrupt the established plantings or break the pavement.

Few things in gardening are as annoying or uncomfortable as sticking a pike or trenching a buried pipe or cable. Locate all underground pipes and utilities if you plan to change grades or dig trenches more than 18 inches deep in your garden. Most municipalities or local utilities offer services to find and mark underground lines, usually for no more than a nominal fee. Sign up today and save up to 44%.

The best garden designs start with structural plants filled with pretty flowering plants. So use evergreen shrubs at the end of each edge and as punctuation marks along the way. Include small shrubs, such as box balls, or large evergreens, for example, mahonia, for larger areas. Clare Nolan reveals her secrets to growing a bountiful harvest, as well as designing spectacular homegrown displays in this beautifully crafted book.

Even if you maintain some existing features, hiring a landscape designer to work even on a small or simple garden design can be costly once design fees, materials, plants, and contractor employment (which typically account for at least half of the budget) are taken into account. And I would say that the use of the regulator line, more than any other concept, separates professional from amateur design. Sean Conway has nothing against flowers, but it's the garden designer's way with foliage that makes his spread of Rhode Island sing. Whether you want to know how to design a garden yourself or with the help of a horticultural expert or landscape designer, making sure you plan your plot, large or small, will help your space succeed.

When planning a flower garden, you will balance your design by planning a succession of flowers. But before you run out of plants and buy a bunch of plants, follow my step-by-step instructions to design your garden. Speaking of garden designs, I stumbled upon an online program that offers more than 7000 landscape designs and plans for people to look at. Instead, descriptive words like “durable” or “warm” will evoke a more creative response, the reason you probably hired the designer in the first place.

Take time to talk to family and friends about why you are participating in this project, before diving in and working out your specific garden design goals. The antique bucket is designed with wall panels hanging over it, incorporating antique mirrors to reflect the garden beyond and painted a dark gray to highlight the green of the surrounding plants. Designing a garden yourself is a satisfying and easy-to-use option in your pocket that will allow you to be truly creative. The host of The Gardeners' World guides you step-by-step through the whole process, from simple garden design ideas to a complete garden renovation.

For example, gray or white stone placed in a random pattern will set the stage for a French country style; black or silver pavement arranged in a regular pattern will form the perfect backdrop for an elegant and modern scheme; while golden stone arranged in a mixed pattern creates a country feel English. . .

Stephanie Scales
Stephanie Scales

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